The thyroid is the small butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck and possibly ranks as the most important gland and a vital part of the endocrine system. Often the most misunderstood and mismanaged gland, thyroid problems affect millions of people around the world. The thyroid gland is responsible for secreting all-important hormones that control major bodily functions right from how the human body uses energy, defining sleeping patterns to weight management.
Hyperparathyroidism is a condition where there is an overproduction of parathyroid hormone generated from the parathyroid glands (found in the anterior part of the lower neck). The parathyroid glands comprise of four small organs. They are about the size of a grain of rice and known to produce the all-essential parathyroid hormone. This hormone is responsible for regulating & maintaining optimum levels of calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium within the blood and bone in order to ensure healthy bodily function.
There are three primary types of hyperparathyroidism.
It must, however, be mentioned that the term hyperparathyroidism is usually associated with primary hyperparathyroidism. Furthermore, according to studies, it’s also been reported that it’s far more common in women (2-3 times) as compared to men and are known to predominantly occur between the ages of 50-60 years.
Hyperparathyroidism by itself showcases symptoms which are seen in hypercalcemia. Here are some of the common symptoms:
In case an individual experienced any of the above-mentioned symptoms, particularly if they are recent, it’s highly recommended that he/she visit their physician right away. Here are some of the ways diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism is done.
Treatment for hyperparathyroidism is entirely dependent upon the severity and cause of the condition. More often than not especially in mild cases, there might be no need for treatment and close monitoring is recommended. In cases where the calcium levels have gone out of control, here are some of the treatment alternatives recommended.
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