Acid peptic disease – commonly called APD – includes a number of conditions. All these conditions are the result of damage from acid and peptic activity in gastric secretions. APD occurs when the acid starts irritating the inner cells (mucosal layer) of the stomach. Acid peptic diseases mostly affect the oesophagus, stomach, and duodenum.
Acid peptic diseases are caused by the excessive presence of acid and pepsin. The two main types of acid peptic diseases are gastric and duodenal ulcer. However, they can also occur at the GJ Stoma, lower end of oesophagus, and Meckel’s diverticulum. According to duration and complexity of symptoms they can be acute or chronic.
A digestive function disorder, acid peptic disease is characterised by dyspepsia (discomfort, heartburn, or nausea). However, the classic symptom of peptic ulcer disease, is defined as pain centered in the upper abdomen or discomfort
characterised by fullness, bloating, distention, or nausea. Factors contributing to acid peptic disorder Acid peptic disorder results when the balance between the aggressive and defensive factors in the gastroduodenal mucosa is disrupted. This balance could be disrupted by factors such as H pylori infection, NSAID (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug), and acid secretory abnormalities. A defect in bicarbonate production and acid neutralisation in the duodenal bulb is also a potent cause.
Only your physician can decipher the best treatment suited for you. However, the most common types of treatment are:
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The information in the booklet is not intended as a substitute for medical advice but it is to be used as aid in understanding ailment. Always consult your doctor about your medical condition.
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