Heart failure – also called congestive cardiac failure – can be classified as a long-term condition in which the heart isn’t pumping enough blood to meet the body’s needs. Owing to the heart muscle being weakened, it affects the heart’s pumping ability thus making it less efficient. As a result of this condition, kidneys start retaining excess fluid and salt which, in turn, causes a fluid retention, particularly in the lungs, legs, and abdomen – thus leading to congestion.
To recapitulate, congestive heart failure encapsulates two basic problems:
Thereafter, the odds of people suffering from both systolic and diastolic heart failure are quite high. Men also tend to be at a higher risk as compared to women while individuals of African descent are more likely to suffer from this condition as compared to their European peers.
Congestive Heart Failure can be caused by other diseases or injuries that damage or put too much strain on the heart muscle causing it to weaken. That being said, the leading causes of congestive heart failure are:
Besides these conditions, there are a bunch of other factors that can cause congestive heart failure.
Symptoms of congestive heart failure symptoms aren’t always obvious and the likelihood of people misdiagnosing the condition initially is quite high. In some cases, there might not be any symptoms at all. Moreover, in most cases, congestive heart failure affects adults. That being said, there have been recorded cases of this condition occurring in children due to congenital heart disease.
Here are some common symptoms associated with this condition:
In order to confirm or rule out the diagnosis of heart failure, cardiology doctor will initially review the patient’s medical history – including past and present illnesses – while also analyzing his/her family history and lifestyle. He might also perform a physical examination post which he might ask the patient to conduct the following tests:
Thanks to advancements made in medical science, treatment of congestive heart failure is now possible. Here are some treatment options for individuals suffering from heart failure:
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