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Category: Brain and Spine Care

September 3, 2018

A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain bursts open and starts leaking in or around the brain thus causing severe damage to the nearby nerve cells. As per several published reports, it’s been revealed that 15 percent of all strokes are hemorrhagic in nature. Additionally, hemorrhagic strokes are of two types – Intracerebral and Subarachnoid depending on the region and the cause of the bleeding.   In an intracerebral hemorrhage, the bleeding is caused by a broken blood vessel inside of the brain. This type of stroke is also regarded as the most common type of hemorrhagic stroke.   On the other hand, in a subarachnoid hemorrhage, the bleeding usually happens between the brain and the membranes around it. It must also be mentioned that unlike an intracerebral hemorrhage, a subarachnoid hemorrhage is fatal and nearly half of the individuals struck with one don’t survive.

Symptoms

Hemorrhagic strokes usually display the following warning signs including:  

  • Acute & severe headaches which occur without a warning usually at the back of the head. It’s usually described as the worst possible headache.
  • Partial or total loss of consciousness.
  • Vomiting or severe nausea, especially in tandem with other symptoms such as a headache.
  • Loss of speech or trouble understanding speech
  • Problems with yo

August 29, 2018

Overview

A brain tumor, also known as an intracranial tumor, is characterized by an unusual growth & multiplication of cells which, in turn, results in an abnormal mass of tissue forming within the brain. Although the diagnosis of a brain tumor can sound like a life-threatening situation, there are two things to keep in mind:  

  • A brain tumor, in most cases, does not spread to other parts of the body.
  • In more than 50 percent of cases, brain tumors are benign or non-cancerous in nature and respond well to treatment.

  Doctors usually classify brain tumor as either primary or metastatic/secondary tumors and can be further grouped as benign or malignant. Metastatic tumors account for nearly 30 percent of all brain tumors and are five times more common. In most cases, they are benign. It’s also been reported that there are more than 120 varieties of tumors which affect the brain and central nervous system and hence every case may entail the need for different treatment options.

Symptoms of Brain Tumors

Depending on the type of tumor, size, and the location of the brain tumor, symptoms may differ. Moreover, in about one-third of people, it’s been observed that no prominent symptoms were discovered. Accordingly, some of the general symptoms include:  

  • Severe & recurrent headaches especially in the morni

August 21, 2018

Brief Overview

Derived from the Greek word epilambanein which literally translates to ‘a seizure’, an Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that results in recurring convulsive or non-convulsive seizures. Epilepsy is one of the most common disorders affecting the central nervous system and can cause brief lapses of attention, loss of consciousness, and even twitching of one’s arms and legs spasmodically. However, it needs to be reiterated that epilepsy is just a disorder and not a sign of mental illness or intellectual impairment. Last but not the least, having a seizure doesn’t usually mean that an individual is epileptic – as per neurologists, a seizure needs to occur at least couple of times and needs to be unprovoked if it has to be classified as an epileptic seizure

Causes

The brain, on an ordinary basis, releases millions of electrical signals throughout the body which controls all vital functions of our body. When there is a misfire or a sudden burst of these electrical signals, it can result in a seizure or epilepsy. It also begs to be mentioned that although epilepsy is not entirely age-specific – research has indicated that these problems start in childhood, with a second peak usually seen in people over 60. Furthermore, these problems might stay with the individual for the entirety of his lifetime. That being said, with problem medic

May 23, 2017

What is Spinal Fusion Surgery?

A spinal fusion is simply the uniting of two bony segments, whether a fracture or a vertebral joint. The reason for instrumentation with rods and screws is to act as an internal cast to stabilise the vertebra until the fusion, or bony re-growth, can occur.

Why is it done?

Historically spinal fusions have been used to correct degenerative spondylolisthesis. However, there are many indications for a spinal fusion and it is not the only procedure performed to treat those various conditions. You should talk to your doctor about what procedure is best for you.

The Operation

Incision

The patient is positioned on the operating table in a prone position. The incision is made over the anatomic position of the spinous process.

Bone Is Removed

When indicated, soft tissue and bony decompression are performed to relieve neurological compression.

Screw Placement

For a degenerative spondylolisthesis case, a blunt probe is inserted through the pedicle and into the vertebral body. Once the pedicle canals are prepared and the screw length determined, the screws are sequentially inserted.

Bone Graft

The facet joint capsules are removed and cancellous bone graft is placed into each facet joint. The transverse processes, sacral alae, and the lateral walls of the facet joints are decorticated with high-spee