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Category: Endocrinology

April 13, 2017

Thyroidectomy is the surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland. This important gland, located in the lower front portion of the neck, produces thyroid hormone, which regulates the body’s production of energy. A healthy thyroid gland is shaped like a butterfly, with right and left lobes connected by a bridge called the thyroid isthmus. Depending on the reason for a thyroidectomy, all or part of the thyroid gland will be removed.

thyroidIndications

Thyroidectomy is done for the following reasons:

  • To remove malignant (cancerous) thyroid tumors
  • To remove all or part of a goiter (an enlarged thyroid gland) that is pressing on neighboring structures in the neck, especially if this pressure is interfering the swallowing or the breathing.
  • To remove and evaluate a thyroid nodule that on biopsy has had repeated “indeterminate” readings As an alternative to a conventional thyroidectomy, an Endoscopic Thyroidectomy can be done on the selected individuals.

How it is done?

Both types of thyroidectomy are usually done under general anesthesia.

Conventional Thyroidectomy

In a conventional thyroidectomy, a 3 – to 4 – inch incision will be made

Posted in Endocrinology