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Category: General

October 25, 2018

Overview

H1N1 or Swine Flu is a highly infectious seasonal illness caused by Influenza type – A virus. Although Swine flu derives its name from an infection that affects pigs, the H1N1 strain affects humans and does not involve any pigs in transmission. In 2009 the fast spread of the infection across the world, made WHO declare it as a pandemic infection.

Signs & Symptoms

H1N1 flu signs and symptoms in humans are similar to those of other types of influenza: (use vectors)

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Watery, red eyes
  • Body aches
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhoea
  • Nausea and vomiting

Quite similar to a regular flu, most patients get mild to moderate illness that requires some rest, plenty of fluids and medicines to manage the fever and body pain. The illness can be become complicated if it develops into pneumonia/ breathing problem or a lung infection. Symptoms like shortness of breath, severe vomiting, pain in belly or sides, dizziness, or confusion may need immediate attention.

High Risk Patients

  • Children under 5 years old
  • People 65 or older
  • Pregnant women
  • Adults and children with chronic illness of lung, heart, liver, blood, nervous system, neuromuscular, or metabolic problems

Posted in General
May 11, 2018

Cancer is a deadly disease which is the top cause of death world-wide. It is caused due to an uncontrolled growth and proliferation of abnormal cells in a specific part of the body. The cancer cells can invade and deform or decay surrounding healthy and important cells, including organs and tissues or muscles. It can also spread from the primary site to other parts of the body. This process is called metastasis. The causative agent or factor may be toxic substance like tobacco-smoke, biological, environmental, genetic, or lifestyle-related factors etc. The disease becomes severe if the causative agent successfully overpowers our immune system.

Stem cell cancer treatment

It is also known as peripheral blood cell transplant. In stem cell cancer treatment, the doctor uses transplanted ‘stem cells’ to treat certain types of cancers. Cancers like myeloma, leukemia, and lymphoma can be treated through this process.

Understanding Stem cells

Stem cells are biological cells from which various different specialized cells of the body can be generated. They are produced in the bone marrow. They have the capacity to differentiate into red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Stem cells help a person to grow and survive. They can be extracted from a donor or from your own blood.

Sources of stem cells

Stem cells may be derived from several sources:

    Posted in General
    January 9, 2018

    Growing evidence states that ICU survivors experience long-term physical, neurocognitive, and mental health complications directly associated with their condition and ICU stay.

    Posted in General
    January 4, 2018

    What is HIV

    The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) targets the immune system and weakens people’s defence systems against infections and some types of cancer. As the virus destroys and impairs the function of immune cells, infected individuals gradually become immunodeficient. Immune function is typically measured by CD4 cell count. Immunodeficiency results in increased susceptibility to a wide range of infections, cancers and other diseases that people with healthy immune systems can fight off.

    What is AIDS

    The most advanced stage of HIV infection is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which can take from 2 to 15 years to develop depending on the individual. AIDS is defined by the development of certain cancers, infections, or other severe clinical manifestations.

    Signs & Symptoms

    • Though people living with HIV tend to be most infectious in the first few months, many are unaware of their status until later stages.
    • The infection progressively weakens the immune system, an individual can develop, such as swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, fever, diarrhoea and cough.
    • Without treatment, an individual could also develop severe illnesses such as tuberculosis, cryptococcal meningitis,

    Posted in General
    January 4, 2018

    Dengue shock syndrome is one among the stages of dengue hemorrhagic fever, which is a fatal condition, usually occurs in extremes of ages as in young children and in elderly people Who are more prone to dengue fever? It is believed that people with weak immune system and those who are developing a second dengue infection, are more vulnerable to dengue fever. The severity also depends on multiple reasons such as immunity, recurrent dengue infection, and multiple co morbidities and so on and also who are suffering from illnesses. The shock in dengue is a very complex diagnosis and there are no methods to predict the outcome and progression. Until the recent times, there is no specific therapy that has been shown to be effective.

    Signs of dengue shock syndrome:

    • Abdominal pain or tenderness
    • Persistent vomiting
    • Lethargy or restlessness
    • Liver enlargement
    • Increases in hematocrit concurrent with rapid decrease in platelet count
    • Shock syndrome will occur after 2 to 7 days of infection, patients can be seen getting affected with symptoms like, blueness around the mouth, spitting up of blood, heart inflammation, pneumonia, sudden collapse, weak pulse, easy bruising and bleeding are some of the major symptoms.

     

    Precautions and recommendations:

    • Get yourself tested for dengue

    Posted in General
    May 8, 2017

    “Why would I need a transfusion?”

    Some patients may need a single, emergency transfusion after an accident, major surgery, or some other cause of blood loss. Others may have an illness where blood products are required frequently during their treatment eg. Patient with kidney disorders, blood disorders or having treatment of cancer. The type of blood product you need will depend on your illness or injury.

    emergency “What do you mean by blood products?”

    Blood contains many components that perform different functions, it is not whole blood but a blood component or product that is given. Red Blood cells Carry haemoglobin that deliver oxygen to your tissues and organs. Red Cells are usually given if haemoglobin levels are low (anaemia) or if a lot of blood is lost. Platelets are cells that help stop bleeding. Some diseases, medications or treatments can lower the number of platelets. This product is yellow in colour. Fresh Frozen Plasma and Cryoprecipitate Contain clotting factors that work with platelets to seal wounds. Many clotting factors are individually manufactured, but if unavailable than these blood products / components may be required. Th

    Posted in General