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November 2, 2018

Ganglion cysts are benign lumps that are commonly known to occur along the joints or tendons in the hand or the wrist. In most cases, they are not cancerous and therefore harmless in nature. These cysts are full of fluid and have the tendency to quickly appear, disappear, and change in size. Although they can appear in several locations, they frequently develop on the back of the wrist. Other affected sites where ganglion cysts appear include the ankle, foot, palm, the back of the knee (Bakers cyst), and fingers. Also known as Bible cysts, ganglion cysts usually do not mandate any treatment. However, there are cases wherein treatment is suggested especially if the cysts turn out to be painful, interfere with the normal day-to-day functioning or simply if they look unpleasant to the naked eye. They generally resemble small bumps while the larger ones can even look like balls lodged under the skin.


Doctors have no proper reasoning to explain what causes them, although there might be a genetic link and/or biological cause. Furthermore, according to studies, it’s also been reported that it’s far more common in women as compared to men and are known to predominantly occur between the ages of 30-60 years. Some theories have even pointed out that suffering from an injury or a massive fall can instigate the body to form an internal blister. In some cases, the

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November 2, 2018

What is the Treatment?

Lithotripsy gets it name from two Greek words, litho which translates to stone, and trip, which means to break. Lithotripsy is a non-invasive medical routine which makes use of high-energy shock waves to fragment and break down stones developed in the kidney, gallbladder, and ureters. The shock wave generated is used to focus on the stone and disintegrate them so that can they be reduced to small bits thus facilitating an easy passage out of the body through urine. In addition, as the shock wave is generated outside the body, this treatment also known as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) – in medical terms.

Why is this Required?

Although most stones can get corrected via oral medications, certain stones which are larger in size (4 cm and 2 cm) can cause severe distress in the affected region and even block urine flow. These stones if left untreated can lead to urinary tract infections, high fever, and even kidney damage. Consequently, Lithotripsy is a great technique to get rid of these troublesome stones from the body without the need for operating on the patient. However, it needs to be mentioned that in case an individual has one of the following conditions, Lithotripsy may not be recommended:  

  • Pregnancy as the X-rays and sound waves may harm the fetus
  • Bleeding disorders

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October 22, 2018

Symptoms & Causes

The thyroid is the small butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck and possibly ranks as the most important gland and a vital part of the endocrine system. Often the most misunderstood and mismanaged gland, thyroid problems affect millions of people around the world. The thyroid gland is responsible for secreting all-important hormones that control major bodily functions right from how the human body uses energy, defining sleeping patterns to weight management. Hyperparathyroidism is a condition where there is an overproduction of parathyroid hormone generated from the parathyroid glands (found in the anterior part of the lower neck). The parathyroid glands comprise of four small organs. They are about the size of a grain of rice and known to produce the all-essential parathyroid hormone. This hormone is responsible for regulating & maintaining optimum levels of calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium within the blood and bone in order to ensure healthy bodily function.

Causes of hyperparathyroidism

There are three primary types of hyperparathyroidism.   Primary hyperparathyroidism – refers to a condition where the underlying issue originates from the parathyroid glands itself. In most cases, it’s caused by the enlargement or over activeness of the parathyroid glands.   Secondary hyperparathyroidism

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October 22, 2018

Atherosclerosis is a condition which causes the hardening or blockage of the arteries due to plaque build-up around the arteries walls. These plaques – which usually comprise of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other stuff – harden over time thus resulting in the narrowing of the opening of the arteries. As a result of the narrowing of the arteries, there’s a loss of elasticity in them which leads to the restriction of the blood flow to other parts of the body. It also needs to be mentioned that these plaques can also split open over time thus causing the formation of blood clots inside the artery. These blood clots, in turn, can cause the blockage of all blood flow through that particular artery or worse still, break off and travel through the bloodstream to block another artery elsewhere. Atherosclerosis can strike any artery no matter where in the body it is located. However, when it occurs in arteries responsible for supplying blood to the heart of the brain, it can prove to be the most dangerous and even fatal. For instance, if it were to strike either one of the two coronary arteries which pump blood to the heart, it can result in a heart attack. In case of a partial blockage of an artery in the heart, it could lead to Angina. When clotting or thrombosis manifests itself in one of the arteries to the brain, it results in a stroke. Thereon, it needs to be reiter

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October 22, 2018


Derived from the Latin phrase that translates to “strangling in the chest”, Angina pectoris, or just angina, is often a term which is used to describe chest pain or discomfort. Usually temporary in nature, this pain is often caused by decreased blood flow to the heart muscle characterized by a squeezing sensation in the chest region. Owing to the reduction in the blood flow, there is a lack of oxygen supplied to the heart muscle thus resulting in chest pain. Furthermore, this pain might even radiate to other parts including the arms, neck, shoulders, and the shoulder blades on the back. Moreover, because of the temporary nature of this pain – usually between 1 to 15 minutes – Angina is considered to be a precursor or a symptom of an underlying coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease occurs as a result of the narrowing of the coronary arteries that are responsible for carrying blood and oxygen to the heart muscle. In addition, despite not being a heart attack per se, Angina can put an individual under higher risk for a heart attack which is why immediate medical attention is suggested if any discomfort is experienced. Angina can be further classified into three types:  

  1. Stable Angina as the name suggests entails that there’s no immediate danger to the patient and may feel like gas or indigestion. This is also regarded as the mos

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October 13, 2018


Leukemia is often described as cancer which affects the blood or bone marrow. That being said, out of all the several different types of leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia is considered to be the most common type of chronic (slowly developing) leukemia. Another peculiar feature about this kind of leukemia is that unlike other types of leukemia which usually affect children, the incidence of chronic leukemia is said to be very rare in children. As a matter of fact, it’s a far more common occurrence in people over the age of 60 and is usually unheard of in people under the age of 40. Another peculiar bit of data pertaining to this condition is that men are two to three times more likely than women to develop chronic lymphocytic leukemia and doctors are at loggerheads trying to figure out the reason behind this.


Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a cancer of the white blood cells, or lymphocytes, which develop from the lymphoid stem cells. White blood cells are responsible for providing immunity in the human body and are crucial for maintaining the well-being of the body. In that regard, they are known to ward off bacteria and provide protection to the body from any looming infections. Thereon, whenever there is a mutation or damage caused to these white blood cells, they tend to grow and multiply abnormally until there are too many thus result

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October 8, 2018


When the kidneys fail or stop functioning normally, it affects its ability to efficiently filter and clean out blood. This results in the build-up of toxic products that breaches unsafe levels. This serious issue is termed as a Renal failure and can even lead to death unless treated immediately. Renal failure can be further classified into two types:  

  • Acute Renal Failure
  • Chronic Renal Failure

  Acute renal failure is not permanent in most cases and the chances of the kidneys going back to normal or almost normal with treatment are likely in case the individual does not have any other serious health problems. Chronic renal failure is also often described as “end-stage renal disease” – a condition which results in the complete failure of the kidneys. This mandates the need for dialysis on an immediate basis or even a kidney transplant to ensure the survival of the patient in question


More often than not, renal failure symptoms differ from person to person. It’s quite likely not to experience any symptoms or discomfort of any sort at the onset of the disease. However, these symptoms tend to manifest slowly and by the time they are detected, the kidneys become seriously damaged. Which is why keeping a lookout for renal problems early on is vital as it gives the best chance for a cure. Some of the common

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October 1, 2018


Babies, when conceived, are usually born healthy but at times, there are chances of the baby being born with some sort of congenital abnormality/s. These birth defects are termed as congenital diseases – a condition that is present from birth – and more often than not, affect the way the baby looks, develops, or functions later on in life. Although in most cases these defects are quite evident & visible at the time of birth, in some instances, there is a likelihood of the disease manifesting later on –during childhood, adolescence or even after becoming an adult. For example, a cleft lip is a condition which is quite obvious at the time of birth but haemophilia, on the other hand, only becomes evident when the child grows. It also needs to be stated that there are certain congenital diseases which may be life-threatening or lead to lifelong physical and intellectual disabilities. That being said, congenital diseases are known to affect nearly 6 percent of new-borns worldwide while also accounting for 7 percent of all deaths among children under the age of 5 across the globe. Some of the common congenital disorders include:  

  • Cleft lip/palate
  • Turner syndrome
  • Edwards syndrome
  • Albinism
  • First arch syndrome
  • Benjamin syndrome
  • Heart disorders (Congenital heart defects)
  • Neural tube

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September 26, 2018

What is Arthritis and what causes it?

All joints in our body are usually characterized by a lining around the cartilages, called the synovial membrane, which helps the bones glide smoothly over one another. However, over a passage of time, this lining tends to wear off especially the joints around the hip and the knee. This, in turn, leads to constant rubbing of the joint bones against each other that lack the required cushioning. Moreover, thick tissue also known as pannus grows inside the joint which over a passage of time can lead to the destruction of cartilage and bone inside the joint. Since joints are the primary source for physical movement and movement, arthritis can actually lead to limitation of your movements quite considerably. Eventually, this damage makes it hard to move the joints. This painful condition is termed as arthritis.

Types of Arthritis

Although, there are over 200 types of arthritis also known as musculoskeletal conditions which are spread across seven main categories as under:

  • Back pain
  • Inflammatory arthritis
  • Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain
  • Metabolic arthritis.
  • Connective tissue disease
  • Degenerative or mechanical arthritis
  • Infectious arthritis

  However, in this blog, we will be focusing on the Osteoarthritis – the most common type of arthritis. Osteoa

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September 7, 2018


Spinal stenosis is a condition which is usually caused due to the narrowing of the spine – often witnessed in the cervical (upper) or lumbar (lower) spinal regions. This narrowing causes a feeling of compression or stinging on the nerves of the spine – which can lead to excruciating pain, tingling/numbness or weakness.   Spinal stenosis usually occurs as a result of wear and tear on the spinal cord discs and joints which cause the spinal canal to narrow. This wear and tear, in most cases, happens due to aging or because of certain conditions, such as arthritis. As a matter of fact, spinal stenosis is recognized as one of the most common spine conditions prevalent in older people. Moreover, as this condition tends to worsen over a period of time, timely treatment is usually recommended as it can severely affect your relationships and work.

Treatment Alternatives

There is an array of treatment options available for spinal stenosis. The treatment usually depends on how severe the patient’s symptoms are along with underlying medical conditions. In most cases, however, it can be treated without surgery after a consultation with orthopedic and neurosurgery experts who will recommend the best course of action for the patient. These specialists – after analyzing your stenosis symptoms and medical history – perform a thorough evaluation with the a

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