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Category: Urology and Kidney Care

September 27, 2018


Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs which are located at the rear end of the abdominal cavity. About the size of a fist, the main function of these organs is to filter the blood in the human body and hence are essential to keeping a person alive and healthy. Kidneys work 24/7 to eliminate waste and keep an individual’s blood pressure in check through nephrons, which are microscopic filters for blood. Each kidney contains millions of units of nephrons and hence are the hardest working organs in the human body. Besides this, the kidneys also help control the body fluid balance while aiding in properly regulating the balance of electrolytes as well. This balance in the body is called homeostasis. However, as with all organs of the human body, kidneys can also be plagued with several diseases and therefore assumes as much importance as the heart does. Unfortunately, most people don’t think to give their kidneys much thought and take them for granted. While some of these diseases can be averted with medication and dietary and lifestyle changes, advanced diseases such as End Stage Renal Disease or kidney failure requires to be addressed on a more urgent basis. Kidney failure can result in the kidneys functioning so poorly that it’s irreversible and thus no longer capable of keeping one functional. In such situations, the only option is to undergo dialysis or opt

September 3, 2018

Urinary incontinence – also referred to as the involuntary loss of bladder control – is a condition which affects the way an individual hold or releases urine. Thereon, when the muscles in the bladder that control the flow of urine – contract or relax involuntarily – a person is said to be affected by urinary incontinence.   Urinary incontinence is said to affect nearly 1 in 10 people over the age of 65 and is a condition commonly prevalent in the elderly. Additionally, urinary incontinence is observed to be twice as common in women as compared to men and nearly half of all women are said to leak urine at some point in their lives.   Although incontinence itself is not a disease, it can have a dramatic impact on an individual’s life. More often than not, it’s can be a symptom of an underlying medical condition. Moreover, this condition can have social implications as well causing a person to feel embarrassed when engaging in activities. For instance, an individual affected with urinary incontinence can lose bladder control while indulging in day-to-day activities such as running to work or even while coughing.   There are several different types of incontinence such as stress incontinence, urge incontinence, overflow incontinence, fistula, reflex incontinence, functional incontinence, transient incontinence etc.

Causes of urinary incontinence

March 28, 2018

We all have heard about kidney stones that usually develop in one or both kidneys. It is formed when the concentration of substances like calcium, cystine, oxalate and uric acid – which easily crystallize – goes beyond the limit that can be diluted by urine. The pain can be excruciating when the stone passes through the urine. Most of the times they don’t require invasive treatments and can be removed by doing small dietary changes along with certain medications. Although there are several known factors which elevate the chances of developing stones, their formation cannot be attributed to any single cause. Sometimes a pre-existing medical condition can factor in an increased concentration of stone-forming substances in urine. Low fluid intake is another common reason that leads to kidney stone formation.

Kidney stones – classification

It is important to classify the kidney stones to reduce their risks. They can be classified as follows:

  • Calcium stones: Caused by the excess calcium accumulation in urine, these are the most frequently diagnosed. Calcium oxalate is the most typical form they are found in. Oxalate is also found in our food and made daily by our liver.
  • Struvite stones: Struvite stones are found more in women than in men. They are caused by infections, most commonly seen after a long-lasting urinary tract infection.

March 28, 2018

A biopsy is a diagnostic test in which a doctor extracts a small piece of tissue from a specific body area to test for the presence or extent of a disease. When such a tissue is extracted from kidney, it is called kidney or renal biopsy. This test helps your doctor in identifying the type of kidney disease you may have, its severity, and defining a suitable treatment plan for it. Here’s all you need to know about the renal biopsy.

Types of Renal Biopsy

  • Percutaneous Biopsy (Renal Needle Biopsy): It is a process in which a thin needle is inserted through the skin by your doctor. An ultrasound or computerized tomography (CT) scan guides the doctor to the exact location from where the kidney tissue needs to be extracted. It is the most frequently used technique.
  • Open Biopsy (Surgical Biopsy): This procedure is used when a larger kidney tissue is required. The patient is given anesthesia post which the doctor makes a small surgical incision in the skin near the kidneys. He then locates a suitable area in the kidney and removes a piece of kidney tissue and stitches the incision with sutures.


Need for a Renal Biopsy

Your doctor might order a kidney biopsy if you have one or more of the following:  

  • A kidney problem that can’t otherwise be identified
  • An unexplained drop in kidney function

March 28, 2018

Urinary incontinence is an accidental loss or reduction of bladder control in which a person urinates involuntarily. It can range from mild leaking to uncontrollable wetting. It can be a very emotionally distressing problem that starts affecting daily activities. Seeking a professional help for this is the first step towards taking control of urinary incontinence. With certain lifestyle changes and medications, one can stop or ease the discomfort that accompanies it. Let’s learn more about incontinence, understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatments.

Types of Urinary Incontinence

There are 4 main types of urinary incontinence  

  • Stress incontinence – In this, the urine generally leaks out when there is sudden or extra pressure on the bladder; usually seen during coughing or laughing.
  • Urge incontinence – In this, there is an almost negligible time gap between the intense urge to urinate and to actually urinate
  • Overflow incontinence (chronic urinary retention) – In this type, you feel an inability to empty your bladder fully causing frequent leaking
  • Total incontinence – In this type, your bladder is incapable of storing any urine at all, prompting you to discharge urine repetitively or have recurrent leaking

  Stress and urge inco

June 16, 2017

Liver and its functions:

The liver is the largest solid organ in the body. It is located in the upper right part of your abdominal region. liver Functions: 1) Builds special proteins to prevent bleeding. 2) Filters blood and helps fight infection. 3) Makes bile to break down fat in the food you eat. 4) Removes toxic substances from everything you eat, breathe and drink. 5) Builds sugar, stores sugar and releases sugar for energy when required by the body. 6) Stores a few types of vitamins. 7) Stores minerals. 8) Helps to break down proteins in food you eat. 9) Sends special ‘messengers’, called hormones, to other organs in the body. Signs and Symptoms o f liver disease: a) Ascites (water in the abdomen) b) Fatigue c) Confusion d) Change in sleep patterns e) Itching f) Jaundice (yellow colour of skin or in the white part of the eyes) g) ‘Spiders’ (broken blood vessels found on your face, arms & chest) h) Easy bruising I) Nausea j) Change in bowel movements (pale stools/black stools or fatty stools) l) Swollen ankles m) Dark urine n) Fever and infections o) Pain in area of the liver p) Internal bleeding


November 29, 2016

LEONARDO 200 Watt Diode Laser, Only At Fortis.

The LEONARDO Laser is one of the leading medical lasers used by doctors, brought to you for the first time in the world by Fortis Hospitals, Bangalore. It is highly compact diode laser comprising a combination of two wavelengths: 980 nm and 1470 nm. Each wavelength can either be used individually or blended, to accomplish incision, excision, vaporisation, haemostasis and coagulation of soft tissue with contact or non-contact delivery options for open and endoscopic procedures. This is a first of its kind technology which lets surgeons perform laser surgery selectively, with settings that they can choose corresponding to the tissue types that they are working with. This makes the process not just simpler, but also improves its outcomes. What does LASER TURP stand for? It stands for LASER Transurethral Vaporisation of Prostate. Who can benefit from a LEONARDO 200 WATT DIODE LASER TURP? Patients who are suffering from Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) which is also known as Benign Prostate Enlargement (BPE). Especially those who need a REDO prostate. Elderly patients with high risk co-morbid conditions and cancer patients can also benefit from this.