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Category: Women Care

May 23, 2017

The aim of Kegel exercises is to fortify muscle tone by strengthening the pubococcygeus muscles of the pelvic floor. Kegel is a popular prescribed exercise for urinary incontinence and for pregnant women to prepare the pelvic floor for physiological stresses of the later stages of pregnancy and vaginal childbirth. Kegels exercises are said to be good for treating vaginal prolapse and preventing uterine prolapse in women; and for treating prostate pain and swelling resulting from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostatitis in both men and women. Kegel exercises are also known as pelvic floor exercises, or simply Kegels.


Factors such as pregnancy, childbirth, aging & being overweight, abdominal surgery such as cesarean section, often result in the weakening of the pelvic muscles. Kegel exercises are useful in regaining pelvic floor muscle strength in such cases.

Urinary incontinence

The consequences of weakened pelvic floor muscles may include urinary or bowel incontinence, which may be helped by therapeutic strengthening of these muscles for women with stress, urge, or mixed, urinary incontinence or simple urinary dribble.

Pelvic prolapse

The exercises are also often used to help prevent prolapse of pelvic organs.

What do the pelvic floor muscles do?

When the pelvic floor is strong, it supports the pelvic organs to prevent

Posted in Women Care
December 27, 2016

By Dr. Anita K Mohan, Consultant Gynecologist and Obestrician at The Nest, Fortis Hospitals, Bangalore Nearly one third of women during pregnancy experience urinary incontinence (involuntary loss of urine) to a certain extent. This involuntary peeing during pregnancy can be annoying, messy, and occasionally embarrassing, but it’s common and this incontinence may be mild and infrequent for some pregnant women. The kind of incontinence experienced during pregnancy is usually stress incontinence which is caused by increased pressure on the bladder. In stress incontinence, the bladder sphincter does not function well enough to hold in urine. The bladder sphincter is a muscular valve that lies at the bottom of the bladder. It works to control the flow of urine. In pregnancy, the expanding uterus puts pressure on the bladder. The muscles in the bladder sphincter and in the pelvic floor can be overwhelmed by the extra stress or pressure on the bladder. Urine may leak out of the bladder when there is additional pressure exerted – for example, when a pregnant woman coughs, sneezes, walks or jogs. Urinary incontinence during pregnancy can also be the result of an overactive bladder. Women who have an overactive bladder (OAB) need to urinate more than usual because their bladders have uncontrollable spasms. In addition, the muscles surrounding the urethra (the tube through which ur

Posted in Women Care
December 27, 2016

By Dr Anu Sridhar, Consultant Gynaecologist, Fortis Hospital It is seen that there is a rising trend in C-sections, especially, in urban private practice. More number of women are now requesting doctors to do elective Caesarian. The main reason for this is the fear of pain in normal deliveries, and that the C-sections being made more comfortable. However, all experts agree that the best way to have a baby is through normal vaginal delivery. There are several reasons for why a normal delivery is the preferred route of birthing a baby. ✤ It is the natural way of birth. ✤ Normal deliveries are not associated with any of the complications associated with surgeries like bleeding from the surgical site, injuries to organs like the bladder and bowel. ✤ Normal deliveries are not associated with post operation pain. ✤ Normal deliveries are not associated with anaesthesia-related complications. ✤ Babies born of C-sections have a slightly increased incidence of respiratory distress compared to babies born out of normal deliveries. If a women undergoes C-section in the first pregnancy, her chances of a normal delivery reduces in the next pregnancy.

Vaginal birth After Caesarean (VBAC):

Vaginal birth After Caesarean can be successfully attempted. Several women with a primary C-section (C-section in the first pregnancy) can consider VBAC as an option. Before advicin

Posted in Women Care
December 27, 2016

By Dr. Anita K Mohan, Consultant Obstetrics & Gynaecologist, Fortis Hospital

Premature babies have become a common phenomenon in the country. A premature infant is a baby born before 37 completed weeks of gestation. Mothers with the health conditions such as diabetes, heart disease and High Blood Pressure may contribute to preterm labor and about 15% of all premature births are multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets, etc.) Having a Preterm baby impacts the mothers psychologically; they often tend to feel guilty as their breast may not produce enough milk because the hormonal stimulation to her body has been less. But what the mothers do not realise is that the preterm baby would require less amount of milk and the same produced by the mother is sufficient. Breast feeding is most important for baby for their first 6 months; breast milk has important ingredients which help to build the baby’s immune systems and these are not found in any infant instant formula available in the market. Breast milk changes from feed to feed to suit each baby’s unique needs making it the perfect food to promote healthy growth and development. Breastfed babies are rarely constipated and are less likely to get diarrhea. A preterm baby faces difficulties to suck the breast milk as this involves lot of energy. In such cases babies should be fed breast milk using a bowl a

Posted in Women Care
December 9, 2016

By Dr. Parimala Devi, Consultant Obstetrics & Gynaecologist, Fortis Hospital and Dr. Shalini Joshi, Consultant Internal Medicine Fortis Hospitals, Bangalore India has a population of 432.20 million women aged between 15 years and above. As per Human Papilloma virus and Related Diseases 2015 stats report, most of them are at a risk of developing cervical cancer. At present, every year around 12 lakh women are diagnosed with cervical cancer. Nearly 67 thousand women out of this succumb to the disease. Currently, cervical cancer is the 2nd most common form of cancer that affects women between 15 and 44 years of age. There is lack of awareness about the issue, as in many states and cities cervical cancer is considered as a taboo due to social stigmas of sexual transmission attached to it. The condition is caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), a sexually transmitted virus that can also cause genital warts. As a result most women are reluctant to go even for a preventive checkup. One of the most effective preventive checkups for cervical cancer is Pap smear. Pap smear is basically a procedure that collects cells from the cervix (lower, narrow end of the uterus) that’s at the top of the vagina. The test can identify even slight changes in the cells. It usually gives 80% of subsection that the women may develop cervical cancer. Detecting cervical cancer at an early s

Posted in Women Care
November 18, 2016

By Dr. Anita K Mohan, Consultant Obstetrics & Gynecologist at Fortis

Posted in Women Care