Before we deep-dive into key aspects involved in this treatment, let us focus on understanding its purpose and resourcefulness. The vascular system more commonly referred to as the circulatory system denotes the involuntary movement of blood and lymph throughout our body. Our circulatory system involves arteries and veins. Arteries carry oxygenated blood throughout the body delivering oxygen to the tissues. Veins return the de-oxygenated blood from the tissues to the heart. Peripheral Vascular diseases are caused due to malfunctioning of the arteries and veins.
PAD is a blood circulation disorder that causes blood vessels (arteries) outside of your heart and brain to narrow, block or go into spasm. PAD typically causes pain and fatigue often in your legs. It also affects arms, stomach, intestines and kidneys. In PAD arteries become narrowed and blood flow decreases. This can be due to ‘hardening of arteries’ (atherosclerosis) or due to spasms.
In atherosclerosis, plaques build in a vessel and limit the flow of blood and oxygen to your organs and limbs. As plaque growth progresses, clots may develop and completely block the artery. This can lead to organ damage and loss of fingers, toes or limbs (gangrene) if left untreated.
Primary causes of PAD are:
High Blood Pressure
Risk factors of PAD:
Age greater than 50
High Blood Pressure
Symptoms of PAD:
Legs and arms – turning reddish blue, pale
Wounds and ulcers
Venous disorders are conditions that damage your veins, the vessel that brings blood back to your heart after your body has used the oxygen in them.
Common Venous Disorders:
Varicose Veins & Spider Veins
Superficial Venous thrombophlebitis
Deep Vein Thrombosis
Chronic Venous Insufficiency
Pain in legs/arms
Wounds and ulcers
Understanding vascular surgery involves decoding the role played by the vascular surgeons. They are highly trained specialists focused on resolving the above-mentioned conditions which may cause a serious threat to the normal functioning of the human body.
Role of a vascular surgeon is a multi-dimensional one. A vascular surgeon is highly trained in performing both contemporary surgical procedures like open surgeries (Bypass, varicose vein surgery) and minimally invasive procedure like Endovascular interventions (Angioplasty & Stenting).
* Atherosclerosis – This includes a build up of plaque and other fatty substances on the inner walls of the arteries. Although it starts as a slow condition, it progresses rapidly and results into thinning of the arteries blood flow channel to key organs.
* Aneurysm – This occurs in the aorta, brain, intestine and is often characterized by the bulging of a weakened blood vessel wall. Internal bleeding due to this can often be fatal.
* Spider and varicose veins – These are abnormally large vessels caused due to structural abnormalities of the normal blood vessels wherein damaged valves allow the backflow of blood within veins.
* Injury from accident (Vascular Injuries)– This includes trauma or accident based injuries that may lead to inflammation or infection of the blood vessels.
*Thrombosis – Sudden blockage of arteries/veins due to clots
*Vascular Malformations – Abnormal vascular tumour (Haemangioma)
*Deep Vein Thrombosis
*Haemo-dialysis access for chronic kidney disease (AV fistula)
Open Bypass procedure for arterial occlusion in limbs/neck/abdomen
Aneurysm surgeries / Stenting
Surgical procedure to save legs/arm due to gangrene
Surgical procedure to prevent amputation
Endovascular procedure / Angioplasty/ Stenting to releive blocks in arteries & veins
Vascular tumor excision
Open Varicose Vein Surgery
Laser Surgeries for Varicose veins
IVC filters for DVT
Venous thrombectomy / Valve repair
AV fistula/ AV graft / Derma Cath for hemodialysis
Carotid endarterectomy/ stenting
The vascular specialists at Fortis are trained and highly experienced experts in diagnosing vascular problems. Right from non-invasive testing such as MRI, angiography to comprehensive management of a patient including screening, medication and risk management; the team at Fortis is capable of proudly handling all of these crucial steps. They are vested in building a relation with the patient and work closely with them to determine whether or not a vascular surgery is the most viable option for them.
Right from the treatment that a patient and his loved ones receive, to the experts that help patients get their lives back on track, Fortis ensures that they become a caring and indispensable part of this life transformational journey. They leave no stone unturned in keeping all up to speed by doing the right diagnosis, having detailed discussions with the patients and their families to explain the procedure in detail and then performing surgeries with international standards of accuracy and success rate. With a combined experience of X years and technical capabilities such as minimally invasive surgical procedures, the Fortis team has performed X vascular surgeries with an astoundingly high success rate.
With 56 hospitals across the nation and over 10,000 beds, Fortis Healthcare Limited is a leading integrated healthcare delivery service provider in India. For over 26 years, Fortis Hospitals have been committed to the cause of getting people back to their lives faster and stronger.