Urology, also known as genitourinary surgery, is a vast medical speciality that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of health conditions related to the male and female urinary tract system and male reproductive organs. Urologists are specially trained surgeons, for treating an array of structural defects and diseases related to kidneys, adrenal glands, urethra, urinary bladder, ureter and male reproductive organs including testes, epididymis, seminal vesicles, prostate, penis and epididymis.
There is a common misconception that urological issues happen only to men and women do not have to visit a urologist ever. And that is not true.
Just like men, women too face severe urological problems that would require immediate medical attention and intervention. However, many women hesitate to meet urologists as most specialists in this specific area are male and may not find it comfortable discussing their problems with them.
But there is good news. This particular medical speciality added another vertical to it in the recent years, with more female medical professionals taking up the task of treating women related disorders as Urogynecologists.
Urogynecology is a gynecologist and obstetrician with an intense training in dealing with female pelvic system and reproductive surgery. They specialise in diagnosing and treating pelvic floor disorders such as infections of the urinary tract, weak urinary bladder, pelvic organ prolapse, painful bladder syndrome, urinary stones, cancer of the bladder and its lining, kidneys and urethra.
UTI is a common problem that would be encountered by most women, owing to the bacterial invasion in to the urinary tract. UTI presents with symptoms like burning sensation in genital area, sudden urge to urinate and trouble voiding the bladder. If not treated on time, it can lead to blood in the urine, pain in back, sides, continuous leakage of urine.
UTI is treated with antibiotics.
Health conditions related to urinary bladder can cause a major embarrassment. Urinary incontinence is about trouble holding the urine, especially while sneezing, coughing and working out. It may be due to stress, post-delivery and weakening of the muscles. Urinary Incontinence is addressed with medications, pelvic floor exercises, implanted devices and surgery.
Known as cystocele in medical terms, this condition occurs when bladder drops down into the vagina. This happens due to the weakened wall between vagina and bladder causing immense discomfort. Obesity, heavy coughing, lifting heavy objects, childbirth are few factors that can lead to this condition. Bladder Prolapse can be corrected with surgery.
Certain components in urine can build up into stones in urinary bladder or kidneys and sometime in ureter. These stones can cause fever, chills, burning sensation during urination and may expel blood in the urine. Women with recurrent UTI are also at the high risk of these stones. It is generally treated with medication, guzzling down lots of water to flush out naturally, breaking it into small pieces with ultrasound or a surgery.
Interstitial Cystitis or painful bladder syndrome causes severe discomfort in the lower belly and frequent visits to the bathroom of up to 50 to 60 times a day. It also gives a full bladder sensation always and may trigger sudden urge to urinate. It can interfere with sexual life and cause deep embarrassment while in public.
Interstitial Cystitis is normally addressed with certain exercises, lifestyle change to ease the symptoms.
Cancer of the urinary tract in women can affect kidneys, bladder or its lining, urethra. The symptoms include lower backpain, blood in the urine, pain during urination.
Treatment includes surgery and subsequent chemotherapy and radiation.
Fortis Healthcare is always on the forefront in addressing medical conditions related to women. We at Fortis believe that women are the backbone of the society and deserve the best medical care for their overall wellbeing.
Meet Dr Rubina, Urogynecologist consulting at Fortis Hospitals, Bengaluru. Trained exclusively in the subspeciality of Urogynaecology and Minimally invasive Gynecological surgery, Dr Rubina holds certification on the Davinci Xi Robot allied to expertise in female urology including Urodynamics. This ensures appropriate, precise care and treatment for the patients right from diagnosis, treatment to management and further follow up. Friendly and assuring, Dr Rubina is an integral part of the acclaimed team of Urologists at Fortis Hospitals, especially for the female patients.
Dr Rubina did her (MBBS) and post-graduation (MS in OBGYN) with 3 gold medals including Best outgoing student from Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai.
She holds a Diploma in Reproductive Medicine from Kiehl University, Germany and has subsequently obtained super specialization exclusively in Urogynaecology certified by Madras Medical College and has been trained in laparoscopic, hysteroscopic and Robotic surgeries.
With 28 hospitals across the nation and over 4000+ beds, Fortis Healthcare Limited is a leading integrated healthcare delivery service provider in India. For over 26 years, Fortis Hospitals have been committed to the cause of getting people back to their lives faster and stronger.